History of Arkansas Early Arkansas Platform mounds , such as this one at Toltec Mounds near Scott , were constructed frequently during the Woodland and Mississippian periods Before European settlement of North America, Arkansas was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years. The Caddo , Osage , and Quapaw peoples encountered European explorers. The first of these Europeans was Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto in , who crossed the Mississippi and marched across central Arkansas and the Ozark Mountains. After finding nothing he considered of value and encountering native resistance the entire way, he and his men returned to the Mississippi River where de Soto fell ill. From his deathbed he ordered his men to massacre all of the men of the nearby village of Anilco, who he feared had been plotting with a powerful polity down the Mississippi River, Quigualtam. His men obeyed and did not stop with the men, but were said to have massacred women and children as well.
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Primary source references As a preface to this document, I want to point out that it is a shame that we have to continue to refute the same arguments that evolutionists keep bringing up over and over again in their attempts to argue against the fact of creation, which fact has been well established since the day the earth was created ex nihilo several thousand years ago. It is also a shame that the masses have bought all this based on some circular reasoning about fossils, where fossils tend to be found buried, similarities between various life forms, the presence of certain decay products in rocks, and other inherently speculative arguments about the past, based on phenomena that exist in the present.
If I hope to accomplish anything, it will be to simply encourage critical thinking. One must get past the arguments ad populum that its popularity counts for something , ad hominem that if you attack the person making the argument, this counts for something , and especially ad baculum that there are people who have the clout to decree it as true , to ask the key questions and challenge the unsubstantiated assumptions and thinking of those who would hold to the evolution position.
Today there are an increasing number of anti-creationist authors who are producing books and periodicals that make this relatively brief presentation insufficient to deal with all the points in dispute.
The Chicxulub crater (/ ˈ tʃ iː k ʃ ʊ l uː b /; Mayan: [tʃʼikʃuluɓ]) is an impact crater buried underneath the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. Its center is located near the town of Chicxulub, after which the crater is named. It was formed by a large asteroid or comet about 10 to 15 kilometres ( to miles) in diameter, the Chicxulub impactor, striking the Earth.
The city is famous for its healing waters, now offered in luxury spas, but also for its great museums such as the Gangster Museum, galleries, inns, and amusement parks such as Funtrackers Family Park or Magic Cove. Just outside Hot Springs, Arkansas are several magnificent parks such as the Ouachita National Forest, where you can hike through dense groves of ancient trees. Hot Springs National Park runs directly through the city of Hot Springs, making its hiking trails and attractions very easily accessible.
This pedestrian-only path serves as a nice oasis from the noise of the city, as it is somewhat removed from the crowds of the main streets. Standing at a raised elevation, it gives its visitors a peek at the backs of the bathhouses on Bathhouse Row. While strolling along this promenade, you will find some of the cold and hot springs the city is so famous for. In , it was deemed a National Recreation Trail, and several of the hiking trails that go through the national park begin along this pathway.
This is a multiple use, working forest with managed wood and timber harvesting, wilderness management, minerals leasing and spectacular recreation. You can enjoy driving through many paved scenic roads, kayaking and canoeing in one of many wild mountain rivers, hiking, biking, horseback riding, or off-road vehicle riding through many trails, some of which are easy and some of which are quite challenging.
Nature lovers enjoy bird watching and wildlife spotting. One of the most popular trails is Horsethief Springs Trail, an mile long trail that starts at Cedar Lake and loops across numerous streams and through magnificent forests with many different tree and plant species. Gangster Museum of America, Hot Springs, AR Once upon a time, though not so long ago in the 20’s, 30’s, and 40’s , Hot Springs was a hot place to visit, and not only because of the hot, healing mineral waters.
Bootlegging, gambling, and other illicit pleasures readily available in Hot Springs attracted all kinds of visitors from all over the world, some of them of dubious reputation. There are seven galleries with fascinating audiovisual presentations.
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View images by clicking on link or reduced image: Each image opens into a new window. These primitive, medium sized apes lived in rain forests between 18 and 22 million years ago. This species and others such as Dryopithecus existed before the hominid line diverged on the path to humans. This lineage ancestral gibbons is believed to have diverged from the great ape and human lineages between 17 and 25 Mya Avers,
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Slowly and painstakingly, geologists have assembled this record into the generalized geologic time scale shown in Figure 1. This was done by observing the relative age sequence of rock units in a given area and determining, from stratigraphic relations, which rock units are younger, which are older, and what assemblages of fossils are contained in each unit.
Using fossils to correlate from area to area, geologists have been able to work out a relative worldwide order of rock formations and to divide the rock record and geologic time into the eras, periods, and epochs shown in Figure 1. The last modification to the geologic time scale of Figure 1 was in the s, before radiometric dating was fully developed, when the Oligocene Epoch was inserted between the Eocene and the Miocene.
Although early stratigraphers could determine the relative order of rock units and fossils, they could only estimate the lengths of time involved by observing the rates of present geologic processes and comparing the rocks produced by those processes with those preserved in the stratigraphic record. With the development of modern radiometric dating methods in the late s and s, it was possible for the first time not only to measure the lengths of the eras, periods, and epochs but also to check the relative order of these geologic time units.
Radiometric dating verified that the relative time scale determined by stratigraphers and paleontologists Figure 1 is absolutely correct, a result that could only have been obtained if both the relative time scale and radiometric dating methods were correct. Nonetheless, stratigraphy and radiometric dating of Precambrian rocks have clearly demonstrated that the history of the Earth extends billions of years into the past.
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Hot Springs, AR is home to a National Park featuring Bathhouse Row, eight historic bathhouses and surrounding gardens along Central Avenue. The city is famous for its healing waters, now offered in luxury spas, but also for its great museums such as the Gangster Museum, galleries, inns, and amusement parks such as Funtrackers Family Park or Magic Cove.
The local origin of the raw material could also be demonstrated for the Krems-Wachtberg objects. On the basis of the lowered porosity of the ‘ceramics’ compared with the silt loams, Vandiver et al. Moulding The mixture of silt loam and water was shaped by kneading the material into a particular shape. Sometimes material was added and rolled and pressed together Soffer and Vandiver , The figurines are all modelled as three-dimensional forms for which an additive process was followed.
There is little evidence of smoothing the surface. In a few instances, decorations and other incisions were observed. Only the most telling details, in particular on the animal heads, are indicated. In general however there is only minimal detailing. There is no evidence for post-firing modification of the surface by the application of pigments or burnishing. The Firing Process The ‘ceramics’ range in colours from tan to grey and black or, less frequently, to orange and red.
Judging from the grey and black colours, the majority of the ‘ceramics’ were fired in a reducing environment. A minority was fired in an oxidizing environment.
How Old is the Earth
Since the rise of online dating over the past decade, many dating websites have come and gone. A common complaint shared by seasoned online daters who have tried various dating sites is that, rarely do the multitude of matchmaking services live up to their claims. For a monthly fee, dating sites claim they’ll do the math for you and spit out your soul mate in return. Some websites gather data about you and crunch the numbers with all kinds of mathematical formulas and algorithms in order to fill up your inbox with compatible matches.
A recent report issued by the New York Times weighs in explaining why numbers and formulas are unlikely to help forge the perfect couple. Hang on a minute, wasn’t online dating designed to reduce the complexities of finding a partner in the first place?
TARA is an international, Nairobi-based organisation committed to recording the rich rock art heritage of the African continent, to making this information widely accessible and, to the extent possible, safeguarding those sites most threatened by humans and nature.
At night, popular bars along the Arkansas River keep their doors open and music playing so singles can come in and try their luck in the local dating scene. The quaint little cabin has a huge local following townies call it WWT , and singles come from all around town to order cheap drinks and listen to live music performances on the weekend. It’s a dive bar with Christmas lights, pool tables, and a relaxing outdoor patio. It may look like a run-down old ramshackle building, but White Water Tavern is actually a fun spot to run down Little Rock’s locals and get a date.
The cocktail bar and lounge offers an upscale atmosphere with intimate booths and tall tables. The friendly team of master mixologists can make just about any drink you can think of and a few you can’t , so even cocktail connoisseurs will be well-satisfied with the drinks on hand. The bar’s expansive beer menu includes hundreds of draughts for beer lovers to enjoy.
This eclectic venue frequently hosts beer-centric events around specialty pints, rare taps, and popular brews. New arrivals come on the menu every week to offer visitors an uncommonly broad flavor selection to sample. At the Flying Saucer Emporium, UFO club members and beer aficionados come together over the checkered tablecloths and share a laugh over a pint.
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Yet the question remains as to whether such measured isotope ratios might nevertheless provide valid indicators of relative time. For most scientists the standard geological timescale, with its millions and billions of years, and radioisotope dating are almost synonymous. From Vardiman et al. That is, the Wyoming rock has a greater age relative to the New Mexico rock. The logic for the conclusion that standard radioisotope ages imply correct relative ages is based simply on the spatial invariance of the laws of physics governing nuclear transmutation.
Radioisotope dating methods seek to measure as accurately as possible the cumulative amount of nuclear transmutation that has occurred in a sample since some crisis point in its history.
Articles home page Creation vs. Evolution 0. Introduction and table of contents The following is an organized presentation on the creation vs. evolution controversy.
The shock production of carbon dioxide caused by the destruction of carbonate rocks would have led to a sudden greenhouse effect. Photosynthesis by plants would also have been interrupted, affecting the entire food chain. They argued that this would have resulted in increased sulfate aerosols in the atmosphere. According to the press release, that “could have made the impact deadlier in two ways: The greenish-brown band in the center is extremely rich in iridium.
In their paper, Hildebrand, Penfield, and company described the geology and composition of the impact feature. These rocks date back as far as the Paleocene. These andesitic igneous rocks were only found within the supposed impact feature, as is shocked quartz. They proposed that the “Chicxulub asteroid” was also a member of this group. The connection between Chicxulub and Baptistina is supported by the large amount of carbonaceous material present in microscopic fragments of the impactor, suggesting the impactor was a member of a rare class of asteroids called carbonaceous chondrites , like Baptistina.
This makes an asteroid from this family highly improbable to be the asteroid that created the Chicxulub crater, as typically the process of resonance and collision of an asteroid takes many tens of millions of years. Cretaceous—Paleogene extinction event The Chicxulub Crater lends support to the theory postulated by the late physicist Luis Alvarez and his son, geologist Walter Alvarez , that the extinction of numerous animal and plant groups, including non-avian dinosaurs , may have resulted from a bolide impact the Cretaceous—Paleogene extinction event.
21 Best Things to Do in Hot Springs, AR
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little-rock MILITARY RELOCATION Welcome to Pulaski and Lonoke Counties Home of Little Rock Air Force Base, Jacksonvil e, Cabot and Greater Little Rock MARCOA.
Showbak A lonely reminder of former Crusader glory is Showbak Castle, less than an hour north of Petra. Once called “Mont Real,” Showbak dates from the same turbulent period as Karak. It is perched on the side of a mountain, with a grand sweep of fruit trees below. The castle’s exterior is impressive, with a foreboding gate and encircling triple wall. Despite the precautions of its builder, the fortress fell to Saladin only 75 years after it was raised.
Inscriptions by his proud successors appear on the castle wall. Perched on a splendid hilltop overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee, Umm Qays boasts impressive ancient remains, such as the stunning black basalt theatre, the basilica and adjacent courtyard strewn with nicely carved black sarcophagi, the colonnaded main street and a side street lined with shops, an underground mausoleum, two baths, a nymphaeum, a city gate and the faint outlines of what was a massive hippodrome.
Pella Tabqit Fahl Pella is exceptionally rich in antiquities, some of which are exceedingly old. Besides the excavated ruins from the Graeco-Roman period, Pella offers visitors the opportunity to see the remains of Chalcolithic settlement from the 4th millennium BC, evidence of Bronze and Iron Age walled cities, Byzantine churches, early Islamic residential quarters and a small medieval mosque.
Umm Al-Jimal The eastern most of the major northern cities, Umm Al-Jimal is located at the edge of the eastern basalt desert plain, along a secondary road that was close to the junction of several ancient trade routes that linked central Jordan with Syria and Iraq. Among the most interesting structures to visit are the tall barracks with their little chapel, several large churches, numerous open and roofed water cisterns, the outlines of a Roman fort, and the remains of several town gates.
Another feature at Umm Ar-Rasas walled settlement is a 15m Byzantine tower used by early Christian monks seeking solitude. The Kings’ Highway The Kings’ Highway winds its way through the different ecological zones of the country, including forested highlands, open farmland plateaus, deep ravines, the edge of the Eastern Desert, and the warm tropical Gulf of Aqaba.
First mentioned by name in the Bible, the Kings’ Highway was the route that Moses wished to follow as he led his people north through the land of Edom, which today is in southern Jordan.